Updated: Mar 27
Fever is a common symptom that parents often worry about when it comes to their children's health. In most cases, fever is a sign that the body is fighting off an infection or illness. However, when a child experiences recurrent or reoccurring fevers, it can be a cause for concern. In this blog, we will discuss the causes, symptoms, and treatments for reoccurring fevers in children.
What are reoccurring fevers in children?
Reoccurring fevers refer to fever that comes and goes or persists for an extended period, usually more than seven days, in a child. This type of fever can occur periodically, which means that the child experiences fever at regular intervals, or it can be episodic, which means that the fever occurs irregularly. Reoccurring fevers can be indicative of underlying health conditions that require medical attention.
Causes of reoccurring fevers in children
Several health conditions can cause reoccurring fevers in children. Some of the most common causes include:
Viral infections: Viral infections are the most common cause of reoccurring fevers in children. Children can catch viruses from other children or adults, and these viruses can cause fever that comes and goes.
Bacterial infections: Bacterial infections, such as strep throat or pneumonia, can also cause reoccurring fevers in children.
Autoimmune disorders: Autoimmune disorders, such as lupus, can cause reoccurring fevers as the immune system attacks the body's healthy tissues.
Inflammatory conditions: Inflammatory conditions, such as juvenile idiopathic arthritis, can cause reoccurring fevers due to inflammation in the body.
Cancer: Some childhood cancers, such as leukemia or lymphoma, can cause reoccurring fevers.
Symptoms of reoccurring fevers in children
Apart from a high body temperature, other symptoms can indicate reoccurring fevers in children. Some of these symptoms include:
Chills and shivers
Body aches and pains
Nausea and vomiting
Fatigue and weakness
Swollen lymph nodes
The treatment of reoccurring fevers in children depends on the underlying cause of the fever. If the fever is due to a viral infection, doctors may recommend rest and over-the-counter fever reducers such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen. However, if the fever is due to a bacterial infection, doctors may prescribe antibiotics to treat the infection.
If the underlying cause of the fever is an autoimmune disorder or an inflammatory condition, doctors may prescribe medications that suppress the immune system to reduce inflammation and fever.
In some cases, if the child has cancer or another serious medical condition, treatment may involve chemotherapy or other specialized treatments.
When to see a doctor?
If your child has a reoccurring fever, it is essential to seek medical attention. You should contact your pediatrician if your child has:
A fever that lasts for more than a few days
A fever that returns after going away for a brief period
Other symptoms such as rash, headache, or fatigue
Difficulty breathing or swallowing
Signs of dehydration such as decreased urine output or dry mouth
Reoccurring fevers in children can be a sign of an underlying health condition that requires medical attention. It is crucial to monitor your child's temperature and other symptoms and seek medical attention if necessary. By working with your child's pediatrician, you can determine the underlying cause of the fever and develop a treatment plan to help your child recover.